Tag Archives: Revision

Nutrition and the Adaptation to Endurance Training

Baar (2014) Nutrition and the Adaptation to Endurance Training  Maximizing metabolic stress at a given level of mechanical stress can improve the adaptive response to endurance training, decrease injury, and potentially improve performance. Calcium and metabolic stress, in the form of heat, decreases in the adenosine triphosphate/ adenosine diphosphate ratio, glycogen depletion, caloric restriction, and […]

Critical Processes in Exercise-Induced Muscular Hypertrophy

Phillips (2104) A Brief Review of Critical Processes in Exercise-Induced Muscular Hypertrophy  With regular practice, resistance exercise can lead to gains in skeletal muscle mass by means of hyper- trophy. The process of skeletal muscle fiber hypertrophy comes about as a result of the confluence of positive muscle protein balance and satellite cell addition to […]

Sleep in Elite Athletes and Nutritional Interventions to Enhance Sleep

Halson (2014) Sleep in Elite Athletes and Nutritional Interventions to Enhance Sleep  Sleep has numerous important physiological and cognitive functions that may be particularly important to elite athletes. Recent evidence, as well as anecdotal information, suggests that athletes may experience a reduced quality and/or quantity of sleep. Sleep deprivation can have significant effects on athletic […]

Interaction of Carbohydrate and Fat Metabolism During Exercise

Spriet (2014) New Insights into the Interaction of Carbohydrate and Fat Metabolism During Exercise  Fat and carbohydrate are important fuels for aerobic exercise and there can be reciprocal shifts in the proportions of carbohydrate and fat that are oxidized. The interaction between carbohydrate and fatty acid oxidation is dependent on the intracellular and extracellular meta- […]